fruit collection
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Greenmantle Nursery
3010 Ettersburg Road
Garberville CA 95542
(707) 986-7504

The apple has always been Greenmantle's primary fruit focus. This obviously reflects the broad adaptation and distribution of such a fundamental fruit, as well as its long list of distinct varieties. It also derives from the apple's primacy and longevity in the local landscape. More than a century ago, our region was settled by an influx of Euro-American homesteaders who "proved" their claims in part by establishing orchards. Many survivors of these plantings still stand and produce fruit. And most of them are apple trees.

still extravagantly productive

A Wickson Crab in Etter Orchard, circa 1985
Here in the Mattole River watershed we are situated on the Western frontier of the apple's manifest destiny. The ubiquitous presence of the apple in the New World reflects the early dominance of British colonization. The apple tree thrives in Great Britain, and the British have long enjoyed a nearly obsessive love affair with the genus Malus. Ironically, most of the varieties they attemped to import into North America were not fully hardy here. It took the planting of tens of thousands of pips to create a new breed of American apple.

England's devotion to the apple took root and grew to huge proportions in the American soil. Many of the world's great varieties began as seedlings planted during the colonial period or shortly thereafter. New York and New England became centers of apple culture. The resulting varietal legacy includes Esopus Spitzenberg, Swaar, Northern Spy, Baldwin, Tompkins King. Roxbury Russet. Jonathan, Rhode Island Greening, and many more.

As the frontier was pushed westward, apple trees - both grafted varieties and unproven seedlings - moved with it. The story of John Chapman aka "Johnny Appleseed" is a national legend based on fact. Chapman's pioneer nurseries provided thousands of apple seedlings for settlers in the Ohio River Valley. Some of these ended up as rootstocks grafted over to established varieties brought from the eastern states. And many were left to produce nondescript fruit which was blended into hard cider and apple jack; these were the most popular beverages on the American frontier.

By the time Euro-American dominion established itself in Northern California (circa 1850), the roster of "domestic" apple varieties had become quite extensive. These formed the foundation for homestead orchard plantings here. A survey of the surviving trees reveals that the Mattole and Eel River Valleys of Humboldt County were well suited for growing the classic varieties of NewYork State, including Tompkins King, Esopus Spitzenberg, Jonathan, and Northern Spy. Southern apples like Arkansas Black, King David, and Winesap also flourish here.

Despite its wizened structure, this century old Tompkins King apple tree continues to bear dependable crops of fine fruit.

While California is not usually regarded as "apple country", all kinds of varieties seem well adapted to the Northwestern corner of the state. Our own experience confirms this remarkable felicity. Notoriously tempermental English varieties like Cox Orange Pippin and Pitmaston Pineapple bear first-rate fruit next to long-season Japanese varieties like Fuji and Mutsu. Apples from all over North America and the world seem at home here in the coastal mountains of Humboldt County.

Hyde King Apple -
Though it originated in the Midwest circa 1880, this excellent winter-keeper seemed to be extinct except in our local homestead orchards. It deserves to be rediscovered by orchardists everywhere.


PLEASE NOTE: We are not able to maintain an inventory of trees for sale representing our entire apple collection (250+ varieties). Instead, we focus our propagation on those varieties we deem most important and/or popular. Availability varies from year to year. Quantities - and rootstock options - are limited.

ALL our apple varieties are available each season as dormant benchgrafts in a range of rootstock options ( M26, MARK, MM111, domestic seedling ). Sorry - but we do NOT sell scionwood……..

CODE: EHC - Euopean Hard Cider      AHC - American Hard Cider

* indicates the variety is described in the Greenmantle Catalog

The apple portraits are reproduced from Apples of New York - S.A. Beach (1905). All these varieties, except Roxbury Russet, have been collected in old homestead orchards in Southern Humboldt....


Adam's Pearmain 
Akane  (syn. PrimeRed)              
Alaska  *
Amberoso ™     (Etter  27-10)
Amére de  Berthecourt    -  EHC
American Pippin 
Arkansas Black  *
Ashmead's Kernel
Atalanta ™    (Etter  22-17)

Baldwin  *
Beauty of Bath
Bellflower    -  EHC
Belle de Boskoop
Black Gilliflower
Bentley Sweet
Berne Rose
Bietigheimer (Red)
Black Gilliflower  (syn. Black Sheepnose)
Black Twig
Blenheim Orange
Blue Pearmain
Blush Rosette ™     (Etter 14-1)
Bramley's Seedling
Brown's Apple    -  EHC
Brown Snout   -  EHC
Bullock   (syn. Sheepnose)
Bulmer's Norman   -  EHC

Calville Blanc d'Hiver  (syn. White Winter Calville)
Canada Red

Carolina Red June

(Carolina) Red June  *
Centennial Crab
Champagne Reinette
Chenango Strawberry
Chestnut Crab
Chisel Jersey  -  EHC
Christmas Pink ®   (Etter - 12-9)
Cinnamon Spice
Coe's Golden Drop
Cole's Quince
Colvis Spice
Coos River Beauty
Cornish Gilliflower
Duchess of Oldenburg
Court Pendu Plat
Cox Orange Pippin
Crimson Gold  *

Dabinett -  EHC
D'Arcy Spice
Dapple  ™  - (Etter  24-18)
Delicious (Hawkeye)  *
Detroit Red
Devonshire Quarrendon

Esopus Spitzenberg
Dolgo Crab
Duchess of Oldenburg  *
Dyer  (syn. Pomme Royale)
Early Harvest
Early Joe
Early Strawberry
Eden  ™  (Etter - 30-32)
Edward VII
Egremont Russet
Ellison's Orange
Emneth Early
Esopus Spitzenberg  *
Etter's Gold  *

Fall Pippin
Fall Russet

Fall Pippin
Fameuse (syn. Snow)  *
Fearns Avenue Pippin
Foxwhelp   - EHC
Freiherr von Berlepsch

Gala, Royal
Garden Royal
Geeveston Fanny -  EHC
Gloria Mundi
Glowing Coal

Golden Russet
Golden Delicious  (Mullins)  *
Golden Harvey  -  EHC
Golden Noble
Golden Nugget
Golden Russet
Granny Smith
Gravenstein (Red)
Grenadine ®  (Etter  7-13)
Grimes Golden  *

Harrison's Cider  -  AHC
Harry Masters Jersey  - EHC

Hauer Pippin
Herefordshire Redstreak -  EHC
Hewe's Virginia Crab  -  AHC
Hightop Sweet
Honey Sweet Cider
Hubbardston Nonesuch
Hudson's Golden Gem
Humboldt  *
Hyde King  *

Ingrid Marie
Irish Peach

Jade  ™   (Etter 26-5)
James Grieve
Jonathan  *
Jonwin *

Hyde King
Kandil Sinap
Karmijn de Sonnaville
Katharine  *
Kerry Pippin
Keswick Codlin
Kidd's Orange Red
King David
King Solomon  (syn. Rainier)  *
Kingston Black  -  EHC
Knobbed Russet

Lady Apple  *
Lamb Abbey Pearmain
Laxton Epicure
Liberty  *
Liveland Raspberry  *
Lord Lambourne

Lord's Seedling 
Lubsk Queen
Lyman's Large Summer

Maiden Blush
Marechal -  EHC
Medaille d'Or -  EHC
Merton Beauty
Michelin -  EHC

Northern Spy
Montreal Beauty Crab
Muscadet de Bernay -  EHC
Muscadet de Dieppe -  EHC
Muscadet de Lense -  EHC
Muscat de Venus ™    (Etter 31-2)
Mutsu  *

Nehou  -  EHC
Niedzwetzkyana  (Redvein Crab))                        
Northern Spy  *
Northfield Beauty  *

Old Nonpareil
Red Astrachan
Orleans Reinette

Peck's Pleasant
Pine Mountain 
Pink Lady

Pink Parfait ®  - (Etter 7-9)
Pink Pearl  *
Pink Pearmain ®  - (Etter 14-9) *
Pitmaston Pineapple
Pomme Gris  - EHC
Porter's Perfection  - EHC

Roxbury Russet
Ralls  *
Reasor Green
Red Astrachan (Striped) *
Red Astrachan (Blushed)
Reine des Pommes  - EHC
Reine des Reinettes
Reinette Ananas
Reinette Étoile
Reinette Gris du Canada
Reinette Simerenko
Rhode Island Greening  *
Ribston Pippin
Rome Beauty  *
Rosemary Russet
Ross Nonpareil
Roxbury Russet
Rubaiyat ®  - (Etter 8-11)

Tompkins King
St. Edmund's Pippin
Sekai Ichi
Skinner's Seedling   *
Smith Cider
Sops of Wine
Spigold  *
Splendour  *
Stark  *
Stayman Winesap

Transcendent Crab
Sturmer Pippin
Summer Pearmain
Summer Rambo  *
Summer Rose
Swaar  *
Sweet Alford  - EHC
Sweet Bough

Sweet Coppin  - EHC
Sweet Sixteen

Taylor's Sweet  - EHC
Thornberry ®  - (Etter 16-32)  *
Tolman Sweet
Tompkins King  *
Transcendent Crab
Tremblett's Bitter  - EHC
Twenty Ounce  *
Tydeman's Late Orange

Yellow Bellflower
Vandevere  *
Victoria Limbertwig
Vilberie  - EHC
Virginia Gold
Vixen ™ - (Etter 34 - 3)
Von Zuccalmaglio's Reinette

Wagener  *
Waltana  *
Wealthy  *
Westfield Seek-No-Further
White Astrachan  *
White Winter Pearmain *

Yellow Newtown Pippin
Wickson Crab  *
Winesap  *
Winter Banana
Wolf River
Worcester Pearmain 
Wyken Pippin

Yarlington Mill  - EHC
Yellow Bellflower  *  
Yellow Ingestrie
Yellow Newtown Pippin  *
Yellow Transparent  *
York Imperial

Zaubergau Reinette

"Why do we need so many kinds of apples? Because there are so many folks. A person has a right to gratify his legitimate tastes. If he wants twenty or forty kinds of apples for his personal use, running from Early Harvest to Roxbury Russet, he should be accorded the privilege. Some place should be provided where he may obtain trees or scions. There is merit in variety itself. It provides more points of contact with life, and leads away from unifromity and monotony."

- Liberty Hyde Bailey, The Apple Tree 1922

Liberty Hyde Bailey (1858-1954)


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All original text and images © Greenmantle Nursery 2005